Tarquinia pearl of Lazio
Italian town of 16,279 inhabitants in the province of Viterbo, it is located at 133m above sea level and near the Marta river. With a marked medieval architecture accentuated by the numerous towers with walls and several churches.
Tarquinia (Tarquinii in Latin, Tarchna in Etruscan) was one of the oldest settlements in the Etruscan dodecapoli, gave Rome the dynasty of the Etruscan kings (Tarquinio Prisco, Servio Tullio and Tarquinio the superb) at the end of the VII and VI centuries BC . Tarquinia was definitively subjugated to Rome in 295 BC. and since then it was part of the Roman territories of "Regio VII Etruria". On its coast developed the maritime colony of Gravisca which until the foundation of Centumcellae (the current Civitavecchia) by the emperor Trajan in the second century. A.D., represented the main port of southern Etruria. In the centuries there were many excursions of the conquering peoples in the ports, we remember the Saracens, the Barbary, and the two ports alternated their importance. In 1144 it became a free municipality with the name of Corneto. In 1435 Pope Eugene IV elevated it to the rank of Civitas and bishopric. In fact, the Vitelleschi palace now home to the national archaeological museum, is named after Cardinal Vitelleschi, a native of Corneto. It is clear that with this act the church placed the emphasis on the supremacy of spiritual power over temporal power. Starting from 1458 there is evidence of the presence of the population of Albanian origin, which in the cadastre of 1798 is incorporated into the social fabric as "Contrada di Zinghereria ". At the end of the 1800s the diocese of Tarquinia and CIvitavecchia are united, the port of Tarquinia is definitively closed, giving way to that of Civitavecchia which boasts fortifications designed by architects of the caliber of Michelangelo Buonarroti and Antonio da Sangallo. During the Second World War it became the seat of the parachuting school, was affected by a massive remediation program, followed in 1950 by the agrarian reform. In 1960 the area on the lido developed: Tarquinia lido is one of the most lively seaside resorts in northern Lazio.
Places of cultural interest
Tarquinia is Unesco heritage. Those who stay in Tarquinia or Tarquinia lido, very close to each other, cannot miss a visit to the Etruscan necropolis, to the Etruscan city on the Pian di Civita with the Ara della Regina, to the medieval village surrounded by majestic walls and numerous towers, Palazzo Vitelleschi now home of the archaeological museum and where among the many Etruscan works you will find the famous winged horses. The churches are numerous, the city is alive and presents itself to the tourist in all its age-old beauty.
Places of naturalistic interest
The saline nature reserve deserves a special mention. Often we from our holiday home reach it by bicycle, a few kilometers pedaling in a secondary provincial road, between the shade of the trees and the sun of the fields and the landscape you are going to enjoy repays for the sweat. Here, in the tanks that were once used for the production of salt, the sea has created a habitat for many protected birds ... For that while sunbathing lying on the sand, you can often enjoy the simultaneous and elegant flight of flamingos in "walk" in the evening or of swans who curious come to bathe next to us. Storks and other wonders that nature has given us and that the territory of Tarquinia defends with commitment.
In the next article you will find instead "disinterested" indications on WHERE to stay😂👌